fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "loan amount" (Beware of fake loan offers. Real lenders would not normally use free webmail addresses such as Yahoo, nor would they lend to individuals or small businesses in a different country from where they are based. Beware of mobile phones or redirector numbers!)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (This email address looks like addresses used in fake loan scams. Be suspicious of any lender who uses a free webmail address or who is based in different country from yourself.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: kingsley jones <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 29 Aug 2011 21:16:23 -0700
Subject: APPLY FOR URGENT LOAN NOW.......
Wells Fargo loan Company (WFLC)
I am Mr. Wells Fargo registered money lender approved
Government to loans for businesses and individuals in
low interest rate of 3%. We offer personal loans, debt consolidation
loans, venture capital, business loans, student loans,
Home loan or a loan for a legitimate reason.
Contact us at the information below if you are interested in this loan
and write to us at email@example.com
FILL THE INFORMATION BELLOW.
Your name :______________________
Your address :____________________
Your Country :____________________
Your occupation :__________________
Loan amount needed :______________
Loan Duration :____________________
Monthly Income :__________________
Cell Phone Number :________________
Have you apply for a loan online before______