fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447024057113 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "TRUST CARGO SECURITY COMPANY"<firstname.lastname@example.org> (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 9 May 2012 12:19:00 -0700
Subject: Re: information you need to know
We receive massage from your partner MR. ENAYATOLLAH KALANTAR HORMOZI, who trying to make us believe that you are dead and even explained that you entered into an agreement with him before your death, to help your family in receiving your consignment valued $5.5M United States Dollars. So please.
Did you sign any Dead of Assignment in favor of (MR. ENAYATOLLAH KALANTAR HORMOZI),He further claimed that you died on the 15/2/2012 and you have been buried , thereby making him the current beneficiary with his following informations:
AJWA FOODS ENTERPRISES
Name: ENAYATOLLAH KALANTAR HORMOZI
Country name: IRAN
home address :iran-karaj-darioush avenue-dorsa, no134
We shall proceed to issue all payments details to Mr. Enayatollah Kalantar Hormozi, if we do not hear from you within the next five working days from today. with your bellow information. To reconfirm.