fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
Date: Thu, 10 May 2012 13:34:37 +0000
Subject: Re: Urgent
Re: Urgent Response
My name is David Lucas, the head of Engineering Services of The Pipelines
Products Marketing Company (PPMC), a subsidiary of The Nigerian National
Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), the Oil and Gas controlling ministry in Nigeria.
I need to discuss with you some important business opening in my parastatal
that I feel will be of mutual benefit to you and I.
Send me your private telephone number and email for further discussion. Please
indicate the best time to talk to you on the telephone.
This is very important and confidential. Kindly keep it at that.
Write back very urgently please.
My cordial regards,
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