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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Manager Morris James" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 18 Jul 2008 22:27:45 -0700
Subject: I buy in large quantity and quality

I am Morris James head manager of Browntex General Merchandise Paris, France.

I want a long term business relation with your company once i confirm you can render the best of service to me.

I buy in large quantity and quality that the main aim i want to do business with your company.

Check the attach sample picture in jpeg and get back to me if you have the sample quality so we can start business immediately.

Await your reply once you confirm the sample picture.

Morris James
Head manager of Browntex General Machandise Paris, France.

Anti-fraud resources: