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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Amanda Ya <>
Date: Mon, 1 Apr 2013 09:46:39 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: Greetings of the day to you

Greetings of the day to you

My name is Amanda Yaman, I am from Monrovia-Liberia and presently, I am residing in a church orphanage home in Dakar Senegal.I got your contact through my search on the net and I want to know if this your email account is personal and only used by you to enable me go into details of my purpose of contacting you.

I have an important something to discuss with you.

Awaiting your urgent response.


Anti-fraud resources: