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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Gabby Lucky <>
Date: Wed, 13 Nov 2013 13:57:07 +0000
Subject: hello

I am Barrister Gabby Lucky Esq, a solicitor at law, personal attorney to
your late relative who is a national of your country, who used to work with
Shell development Company in Lome as a contractor and also as a business
man. On the 21st of April 2011, my client involved in a car accident along
Nouvissi expresses Road with his family. All occupants of the vehicle
including his wife and only child lost their lives. Since then i have made
several inquiries to your embassy to locate any of his extended relatives,
which proved unsuccessful.

After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided to track his name and
last name via the Internet, to locate any member of his family hence i
contacted you. I am contacting you to assist in transferring the fund
valued at US$7.5 million left behind by my client into your account in your
country before it gets confiscated by the Security Finance Firm where it
was deposited. The Security Finance Firm has issued me a notice to provide
the next of kin to my client or his account shall be declared dormant or
confiscated. Since I have been unsuccessful in locating the relatives for
over 1 years now, i hereby seek the consent to present you as the next of
kin to the deceased since you have the same last names, so that the
proceeds of this fund can be paid to your account.

Therefore, on receipt of your positive response, we shall then discuss
modalities for transfer. I have all necessary information and legal
documents needed to back you up for claim. I guarantee that this will be
executed under legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach
of the law.

Please get in touch with me for more details and procedure.

Best regards,

Yours faithfully,
Barrister Gabby Lucky,
Senior Advocate of Gabby's & Associate Chamber,
No:306 Boulevard du Janvier,
Lome - Togo,
West Africa Region.

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