fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Tom Crist Foundation <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 11 Jan 2014 23:32:42 -0800
Subject: TC OFFER
This is a personal email directed to you.Let me formally introduce myself to
you,my name is (Tom Crist). I won a Jackpot
Lottery of $40 Million and have voluntarily decided to
donate the sum of 710,000.00 GBP to you as part of My charity project to
improve the lot of 5 lucky individuals all over the continents of the world.Your
email address was submitted to me by the Google Management Team. If
you have received this email then you are one of the lucky recipients and all
you have to do is get back to us with the following details.
1. Full Name:
2. Full Address:
8. Winning Email:
9. Valid Phone Mobile Number:
You can verify this by visiting the web pages below:
Contact us Via: email@example.com