fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "huge sum of money" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Paul Cardle" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 23 Feb 2014 18:50:37 -0300
Subject: My Business Proposal
Haven obtained your email address
from an Internet Directory. I'm happy
to introduce my self to you.
My name is Mr. Paul Cardle,
I am soliciting your sincere assistance
over my Investment Proposal which I planned
to invest with your 100% assistance. I am
seeking for your co-operation in building
a company or Real Estate in your country.
I have huge sum of money for the project,
which will be transfered to you as soon as
possible if our discussion is positive and
documentation is sealed. On the resumption
of this project,you will be a member of the
governing board as the Director of
Management. I will give you 10% of the total
sum before investment and 30% of the profit
realized for 7 years.
If interested please respond, my email
Mr. Paul Cardle