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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Paul Cardle" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 23 Feb 2014 18:50:37 -0300
Subject: My Business Proposal

Haven obtained your email address
from an Internet Directory. I'm happy
to introduce my self to you.

My name is Mr. Paul Cardle,

I am soliciting your sincere assistance
over my Investment Proposal which I planned
to invest with your 100% assistance. I am
seeking for your co-operation in building
a company or Real Estate in your country.
I have huge sum of money for the project,
which will be transfered to you as soon as
possible if our discussion is positive and
documentation is sealed. On the resumption
of this project,you will be a member of the
governing board as the Director of
Management. I will give you 10% of the total
sum before investment and 30% of the profit
realized for 7 years.

If interested please respond, my email

Mr. Paul Cardle

Anti-fraud resources: