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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Janice Ahmad" <>
Date: Sat, 15 Mar 2014 11:32:08 +0100 (CET)
Subject: Attn My Dear

Attn My Dear
I have registered your fund in the western union office this morning and we
agreed up that the transfer of your $3.5 compensation fund.Your will receive
$5000 per
day until total fund is fully transferred..So contact them with your full info
1) Full names:------
(2) Country of origin:------
(3) Home address:----
(4) Phone line:------
(5) Occupation:------
Contact Dr.Frank Newman
Tel: (:+229-96059824
Email: (
Thank you,
Mrs.Janice Ahmad

Anti-fraud resources: