fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Robert," <"WWW."@trust.ocn.ne.jp>
Reply-To: "Mr. Robert," <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 26 Nov 2016 00:27:47 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Mr. Robert
This email is coming to you from Mr. Donald J. Trump. and am writing to bring to your notice about your compensation Bank check brought to white house by UNITED STATE EMBASSY in Cotonou Benin Republic. the check was in the Amount of TWENTY MILLION USD i have decided to handover the check to the white house delivery Agent Mr. Robert, so contact him now and ask him what is needed of you to do to receive the check.
GOD BLESS AMERICA