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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Muhammad Buhari" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 25 Nov 2016 06:49:45 -0800
Subject: Good day,

Good day,

Hope you get this mail in good health and sound mind. The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has detected from there data base that you have been scammed by some fraudulent people here in Nigeria / United Kingdom.
Also report has reached us that you have sent so much money to this scam artist. Please if you are still contacting this people we advice you to stop and use your hard earn money for something good.
However, the President of this great nation (Nigeria), Muhammad Buhari has signed a check of $2,000,000 USD each to 100 scammed victims as a compensation fee. Among these 100 scam victims, your email contact was included.
You are strongly advice to provide us with the below information.

(1)Full Name:................
(3)Phone Number:.............
(4)YOUR COUNTRY..............
(6)sex and Age..............
(7)Mother place of Birth and place:..............

Also a phone number to contact you with is needed.
The above required information should be sent to us via Email:
The information required will be used to proceed your Fund Approval Certificate (FAC). without this certificate, your fund will not be released.
P.M.B. 0187,
Abuja — F.C.T.

Anti-fraud resources: