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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Theresa Leonard" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 24 Nov 2016 01:22:38 -0000
Subject: Grants


After a random email campaign and ballot system the Abdel Foundation Endowments is awarding you with a grant of Two million United states dollars(USD 2Million).

This shouldnt come to you as a surprise cause this is one of the many gifts Mr Wassim has given out over the past years. Below is a link to a youtube channel of him openly showing his generousity to the world.

Do get back to us directly via this email address: with the below listed informations for further instructions on how to receive the said Grant.

Full Names
Telephone Number

Theresa Leonard

Anti-fraud resources: