fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "with absolute secrecy" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Sokma" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 26 Nov 2016 07:41:12 +0700
Subject: I Need You Support.
I am sorry for this interruption. I have know other way to reach you than these ways if the contents here under are contrary to your moral ethics. Please accept my apology, but please treat with absolute secrecy and personal.
With due regards, my name is Sok Mao , the business manager of auditing and accounting department of Osk Bank . (Cambodia branch office) here in Phnom Penh city.
There is a draft account opened in my bank in 1998 by a long-time client of our bank, a national of your country. he was a CEO/a textile company owner, business man, a miner at Kruger mining company here in Cambodia, he was also a geologist and a mining consultant to several other mining conglomerates operating in Cambodia, china, Taiwan, Japan, Indonesia, Pakistan, Vietnam all in Asia,
Before he passed away on the November 16th 2004 by car accident with his wife and two children along Cambodia Vietnam road, leaving nobody as the representative of his account after his death.i want to present you as the representative I will use my position and influence in our bank to make sure they release this money to you for us to share. Kindly get back to me for more details.