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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "EDWARD BAKIES" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 26 Nov 2016 01:15:52 -0800
Subject: Re: Hi

Good day Sir/Madam

I am an independent broker. My job is to link up entrepreneurs/fund
seekers with Investors who are ready to invest in good business projects and ideas that will yield a high ROI.
I have group of investors that are willing to invest in profitable
ventures. The investment size should be between US$1M - US$500 Million.
If You are interested in this or you know anybody who has good business ideas
But lack the necessary capital to fund his Ideas and projects,let me know
So we can have further discussion...

Best regards
Edward Bakies

Anti-fraud resources: