fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "diplomatic agent" ("diplomats" who perform deliveries of cash or other valuables to you only exist in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. John Yinka" <"mr.johnyinka."@axel.ocn.ne.jp>
Reply-To: "Mr. John Yinka" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 26 Nov 2016 19:45:46 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Attention Dear,
I write to notify you that our Diplomatic Agent has arrived at Charlotte Douglas International Airport North Carolina with your ATM Card Package. His Name is Mr. Leon Fox .He was with your ATM CARD Package Which Contains Your Compensation Payment worth of Four Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars ($4.5 Million, US Dollars) From United Nations Fund Compensation Unit office here in Benin.
Email Him your address on how to reach to your door step including your phone number. Don$B!G(Bt let Him know how much the package contain, try follow the instruction as I told you. Email him with this email address (email@example.com) Tell: (919) 600-7396 Reconfirm your delivering information to him now.
Direct Phone number__
Mr. John Yinka
(DHL Benin Manager)