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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Christopher Dauda" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 12 Oct 2018 11:00:57 -0700


My name is Christopher Dauda, I am the former Secretary to Imo State governor in Nigeria. I contact you for an assistance to invest in your country. I need you to act as business partner and friend that will receive the Sum of five million United States Dollars for re-investment purpose to boost more income for me in your country.

Secondly, i would like you to assist me facilitate my visa application and get me a rented apartment close to your house. You will own Six hundred thousand U.S Dollars as reward out of the whole fund.

Get back to me if you are interested.

Thank You.

Yours Sincerely,
Christopher Dauda.

Anti-fraud resources: