fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- "email@example.com" (this email address looks like addresses used in "ATM SWIFT card" scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs Joy Obinna" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 13 Oct 2018 00:44:42 -0700
Subject: YOUR ATM CARD
We officially want to inform you that an ATM Visa Card Valued at $3 Million USD only has been
accredited in your favor by the LAGOS ATM
Card Organization, In LAGOS Nigeria. The ATM Card has a daily withdrawal limit of $10,000.00 USD
Per Day from any ATM Card machine
in your country. You are advised to contact Aguleri Mba via this email for claim processing:
Dr Aguleri Mba
Chairman of Heirs Holdings, the United Bank for Africa
Note: arrangement can also be made in transferring of the awarded fund ($3 Million USD) to your
personal bank account OR delivering of your
ATM Card to your contact address. Please provide the following details for processing to Tony
Your Full Name==========
Cell Phone Number=======
Your Company names======
Current Home Address====
Nearest Airport ========
Next Of Kin Name========
Next Email Address======
NEXT CELL PHONE=========
Once again congratulation.
Mrs Joy Obinna
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