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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Zongo Daniel <>
Date: Sat, 13 Oct 2018 10:04:25 +0100


I am Zongo Daniel and work with BICIAB BANK Of Burkina Faso. I have an
important business proposal that will be of mutual benefit.

Please send me your direct number or your personal email so i can tell
you more about my proposal. It is very important we communicate and
you will be very glad with my proposition.

Waiting your response soonest through my alternative address below:

My dearest regards.

Zongo Daniel

Anti-fraud resources: