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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Western Union <>
Date: Sat, 13 Oct 2018 18:35:31 +0800
Subject: ID Number: WUMT-MY7653

Congratulation, You have been awarded the sum of $1,500,000.00 in the on-going UNITED NATIONS Development Program 2018 (UNDP 2018)
Western Union Malaysia have been instructed to start sending you 7,600.00 USD daily.
Please send in your Full Name , Contact Address And Phone Number to file for claims , or Dial +601.648.453.21 for more inquiries on this program.
Yours truly Mrs Lee Western Union Malaysia

Anti-fraud resources: