fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Federal Bureau Of Investigation" <"FBI."@fbi.com>
Date: Sat, 13 Oct 2018 13:55:22 +0200
Subject: CLAIM YOUR FUNDS!
CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER " FBI".
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION FBI.
Federal Bureau of Investigation and Interpol Agency.
The (FBI) Washington, DC in conjunction with some other relevant investigation agencies here in the United States of America have recently been informed through our Global intelligence monitoring network that you have an over-due payment in tune of USD$10,500,000.00 with Citibank.
It might interest you to know that we have taken our time in screening through this project as stipulated on our protocol of operation and have finally confirmed that your payment/transaction with Citibank is 100% genuine and hitch free from all facets and of which you have the lawful right to claim your fund without any further delay. Having said all this, we will further advise that you go ahead in dealing with the Citibank accordingly as we will be monitoring all their activities with you as well as your correspondence at all levels.
NOTE: You are required to contact the remittance director Citibank Pasadena CA, USA and forward this email sent to you from our office as a proof to this regard and to help the bank acknowledge our efforts in passing this message to you. Kindly contact the remittance director with the below information:
Bank Name: Citibank.
Department Code: 231CTB077.
Address: 127 Hudson Street, New York, NY, USA.
Attn: Mr.Williams Peter
Contact the bank today and forward this message to them with the code below for processing of your payment/funds accordingly.
(TRANSACTION CODE: TC-987647)
Thank you very much for your anticipated co-operation.
Chief Financial Officer.
Federal Bureau of Investigation.
J. Edgar Hoover Building
935 Pennsylvania Avenue,
NW Washington, D.C.