fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a company representative scam. This type of job offer scam involves the cashing of fake checks and money orders. It could expose you to losses of tens of thousands of dollars as well as to the risk of criminal prosecution and (in some cases) imprisonment.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.David W.Fongr" <>
Date: Sat, 13 Oct 2018 07:17:22 -0700
Subject: Re: JOB OFFER
I am Mr.David Wai Fong,manager HK Construction Equipment Company- Hong Kon=
g.We are a company who deal on mechanical equipment,hardware and minerals, =
electrical products, Medical & Chemicals,light industrial products and offi=
ce equipment, and export into the Canada/America and Europe.
We are searching for representatives who can help us establish a medium of=
getting to our costumers in the Canada/America and Europe as well as makin=
g payments through you to us.Please if you are interested in transacting bu=
siness with us we will be glad. Please contact us for more information,Subj=
ect to your satisfaction you will be given the opportunity to negotiate you=
r mode of which we will pay for your services as our representative in Cana=
da/America and Europe.
Note that at no point or time will we ask you to spend any of your persona=
l money. Please if you are interested forward to us your Mailing Address, p=
hone number/fax and your full contact address via : email@example.com
Thank in advance.
Mr.David Wai Fong