fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Kendrick D. Lugan" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 07:14:52 -0000
Subject: Attention Beneficiary
This is to officially inform you that we have verified your contract / inheritance file and found out that why you have not received your payment is because you have not fulfilled the obligations given to you in respect of your fund.
Secondly we have been informed that you are still dealing with none officials in the bank and even dealing with fraudsters and this was why all your attempts to secure the release of your fund are still in vain. We wish to advise you that such an illegal act has to stop if you want to receive your payment since we have decided to bring a solution to your problems in receiving the fund. You are now going to receive your funds through Online Banking. To receive your funds through online banking, you need to reply back with your information as urgent as possible to ensure you are the true beneficiary.
Once again, you have to stop hence your further communication with any other person(s) or office(s) regarding this transaction, this is to avoid any hitches in finalizing your payment. The transfer of your total sum of $10, 800.000.00 will be affected as soon as possible.
Dr. Kendrick D. Lugan
Email/( firstname.lastname@example.org )