fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Nasko Gelimachev." (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 6 Dec 2018 18:20:54 -0000
Subject: Mutual Partnership
I represent a top company executive in Moscow. I have a very sensitive and private brief from this senior executive to ask for your partnership to re-profile funds worth twenty three million euros.
I will give the details, but in summary, the funds are coming from Moscow via a bank in Europe and this is a legitimate transaction. You will be paid 4% percent for your "management consultancy fees", if I am able to reach terms with you.
If you are interested, please write me back and provide your private email address, your telephone number and i will provide further details. Keep this close to your chest as much as possible; we can not afford any political problems as this is very important to the company executive.
I look forward to your response. Email me at: email@example.com
Mr. Nasko Gelimachev.