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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Douglas <>
Date: Thu, 6 Dec 2018 11:09:57 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Hello


How are you today?,i have a business proposal for you.Am compelled to involve you in this transaction because I believe you could be trusted and capable to handle it.I have the sum of 20.7M USD that I need to move to a beneficiary.

Am a US Military contractor and I assure you that the funds is very legal,Due to some circumstance I need someone to stand in as beneficiary and receive these funds.I will give you more details if you are willing to assist and ready to proceed with the transaction.Nevertheless I will totally understand if you don't want to proceed,all I ask is that you keep it strictly confidential.

I await your soonest response.

Kind Regards,

Mr.James Douglas.

Anti-fraud resources: