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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Phil Pearson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <Dr Phil Pearson>
Date: Fri, 7 Dec 2018 02:51:33 +0100

Dear Sir,

I am Dr Phil Pearson, a business and investment consultant. I got your contact details in my search for reliable and reputable company(s) or persons to partner in an area of investment within your region with a good annual return on investment. Our team of experts will engage with you to identify profitable areas of business, understudy same and careful engage professionals within the ambit of the law to key in action plan.

If this interests you, do send us feedback with my private email below to enable us put in action plans and workout modalities for a conference.

Best regards.

Dr Phil Pearson

Anti-fraud resources: