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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Kofi Mensah" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 7 Dec 2018 16:03:52 +0600
Subject: Re: Kindly respond..

Dear friend,

My name is Mr. Kofi Mensah, Iím a representative to (Mr. Bashir Saled) the formal personal Banker and petroleum director to Formal Libya president Mr. Mummer Gaddafi who is now present in South Africa.

I'm writing to inform you about our intentions, we have $1 Billion for investment in your country or any other country of your choice where you think the money will be safe under your roof, please kindly get back to me for further discussion. You can get further details of the fund by checking the website below. (

Presently the $1 billion is in the safekeeping here in Accra Ghana and we have all the security arrangement to lift it from here to your destination as soon as you are ready for the investment.


Mr. Kofi Mensah

Anti-fraud resources: