fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Feng Lex" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 7 Dec 2018 14:39:20 +0100
Subject: Mutual understanding
I am Mr. Feng Lex working as Auditor with the Development Bank of Singapore, I have a highly mutual and legitimate request for you to Handle with me. This fund was highness and domiciled in our bank by a foreign investor who died in the Collapsed New World Hotel.
In pursuant of the above plan, we choose you in this project specially because you bear the same last NAME with the said Investor. However, I can confirm with certainty that the said Investor died intestate in 1986 and no next-of-kin to his estate and no body came forward all these years. I am of the settled conviction that using my insider leverage and working with you, we can secure the funds in the account for ourselves instead of allowing it pass as unclaimed funds.
In this circumstance, I write to inquire your interest in this business investment which involves huge amount secured from our bank for the purpose of establishing a joint venture on Real Estate and Tourist Centre in your country. If you are interested to share this benefits with me, you can contact me for more details.
Mr. Feng Lex