fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr.David Mark" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 11:05:31 -0800
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam
Request for Business Relationship
My name is Dr.David Mark, the Executive Director of Finance at PROJECT
CONSULT INC. LTD. Our company is specialized in contract syndication,
projects consulting, monitoring/supervision and management services.
This request for business partnership is of mutual benefit to both of
We have recently used our network of relationships, to secure a contract
valued at US$350,000,000.00 (THREE HUNDRED AND FIFTY MILLION UNITED
STATES DOLLARS) from the Federal Ministry of Aviation (F.M.A) for the
construction of a second runway at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International
Airport, Abuja,, Nigeria. This contract was in favor of a foreign based
Multi-National Company and has since been completed. This contract has
been fully executed and the contractors have received their payments
from the Federal Ministry of Aviation via the apex Bank.
Before the contract was awarded, we had understanding with top officials
of Federal Ministry of Aviation that 10% (TEN PERCENT) of the total
contract sum would be our commission for our services in recommending
the contractors and for helping to conduct various negotiations leading
to final agreement. This 10% amounting to US$35,000,000.00 (THIRTY FIVE
MILLION UNITED STATES DOLLARS) is due for payment to a foreign account
of our choice, we are soliciting your kindness to assist us champion the
transfer of this fund to your country for investment and safe keeping.
The total amount of fund is US$35million (THIRTY FIVE MILLION UNITED
STATES DOLLARS). We have perfected arrangement to transfer the funds to
any account of our choice partner with the support of our contacts at
the ministry of finance. The transfer operation will take 7 (Seven) to
10 (Ten) working days to be completed if you give me the direction to
proceed the documentation in your name or company as our foreign
You shall be entitled to 30% i.e. (US$10.5Million) of this fund for
providing account, your envisaged efforts and assistance rendered and
the remaining 70% (US $24.5Million) would be for our company and the top
officials involved. This proposal is strictly confidential, free from
any form of risk and does not depend on any particular field of trade to
execute. The line of business of yourself/company is not a hindrance to
the successful execution of this transaction. It however requires your
adequate participation and support to enable its accomplishment on
Your quick and favorable response to proceed the procurement of the
documents in your name will be highly appreciated.
Please get back to me via email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Executive Director Finance, Projects Consult Ltd.