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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Charles Scott" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 22:11:15 -0800
Subject: Interpol Financial Crimes Dept

Good Day.
I am ( Dr.Charles Scott ) Inspector General of Police National Benin.
i contacted you to inform you that We received a letter from the
Central Bank and the US Treasury Department informing our office that
you sent Mr. Allen Smith and Mrs. Cynthia Edward from Canada. These
individuals claim to be your representatives, they presented a DEATH
CERTIFICATE on your behalf stating that, you are DEAD and before you
passed away you instructed them to come and claim your compensation
fund for you, as the rightful beneficiary.

They instructed our paying Bank to transfer your compensation fund
valued US$4,500,000.00 to their Account.If you did not send them, you
are required to provide us with the below information (for official
verification) without any delay via email, Your Full Name, Address.
and phone number,


Dr.Charles Scott
I.G, Police Nationale
Interpol Financial Crimes Dept

Anti-fraud resources: