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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Smith Adams" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:32:18 +0100
Subject: Urgent Inheritance Matter

Good day
I trust this email finds you well!! With due respect, trust and humility let

me start by introducing myself. I am Smith Adams . I have emailed you

earlier on without any response from you. On my first email I mentioned about

my late client Randolf , whose relatives I cannot get in touch with. But both

of you have the same last name so it will be very easy to front you as his

official next of kin. I am compelled to do this because I would not want the

bank to push my clients funds into their treasury as unclaimed inheritance. If

you are interested you do let me know so that I can give you Comprehensive

details on what we are to do.


Smith Adams

Anti-fraud resources: