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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Grace Ntombizodwa Mugabe" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 08:10:50 -0000
Subject: Re: REF. MU/ZIM/PR/001................

I am the former first lady of Zimbabwe ,My Name is
Mrs Grace Ntombizodwa Mugabe, the wife of former Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe. i intend to invest in Real Estate and
factory in your country.I am looking for a reliable person that will help me to invest this money.You will be compensated with some percentage of the total fund.
Kindly update me if you can represent my interest or if there is any other lucrative Business in the area related to your field do not delay to keep me posted.Contact me directly on ( your
direct phone number,age,address,occupation and details.
Thanks for anticipate cooperation.
Best regards,
Mrs Grace Ntombizodwa Mugabe

Anti-fraud resources: