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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Lesetja Kganyago <>
Date: Tue, 10 Sep 2019 23:54:04 +0000

South African Reserve Bank
370 Helen Joseph Street, Pretoria, 0002
South Africa.

Dear Beneficiary.

This is very urgent and your attention is needed.

In our office sometime last month, One Mr. John T. Carlos of 1200 Fitch
Way, Sacramento, CA. 95864 filed an application contrary to your Pending
fund transfer. The above mentioned person visited this Bank ON 6TH June
2019 with a power of attorney given in his favor by your good self,
granting him the benefit to process and claim your inheritance of
$15,000,000.00(Fifteen Million United States Dollars Only) for personal

He further stated that your online account should be terminated while
the fund should be wired to his Bank account with Bank of America,
Routing Number 121000358. We have asked Mr. John T. Carlos to come back
to the Bank within 48hours to enable us have a personal

Confirmation from you, being hitherto the beneficiary.

Our office needs to know:

Did you instruct one Mr. John T. Carlos of 1200 Fitch way, Sacramento,
CA. 95864, to claim and receive the payment on your behalf?

Did you sign any 'Deed of Assignment' in his favor thereby making him
the current beneficiary?

We are sorry to have delayed your instruction in giving out this fund
since we must adhere to the procedures of this honorable bank by making
sure this request is verified and confirmed by the beneficiary and his
existing attorney.

Contact Mr. Francois Groepe Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of South
Africa to Assist you for clearance and represent your interest for the
Release of Fund to your Account as Reserve Bank does not deal with
Individual but Banks Contact Mr. Francois Groepe on this email Account
Email: Mobile: +27780414618 Contact
Mr. Francois Groepe with your Details and Cooperate with him to Guide
you how to Obtain Clearance for the Immediate Release of your fund to
your Account. Soon as you have contacted Mr. Francois Groepe ask him to
help you Obtain Clearance that is the only Document that will be
required from you for the release of the fund to your account.

Your confirmation to the above will be appreciated. We look forward to
hearing from you soon.

Yours sincerely

Lesetja Kganyago

South African Reserve Bank.

Anti-fraud resources: