fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: Mrs Maria Grace Boyi <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 29 Sep 2019 21:12:18 -0700
Subject: I decided to do this after praying over my present situation.
I believe in your indulgence at this mail coming from somebody like
me, whom you do not know before. I decided to do this after praying
over my present situation. You should be aware of the fact that you
are not known before. I would like to introduce myself as MRS. MARIA
GRACE BOYI, from Republic of Benin in West Africa, to widow to Late
MR.DAVID BOYI to form Consular of the Benin Embassy.
I have been diagnosed with Cancer of the Pelvic and attending my
medical treatment at St. Victoria's Private Clinic here. I am writing
you now from my sickbed because of how this transfer is urgent to me.
There is US $ 18.5 (Eighteen Thousand Thousand Five Hundred United
States Dollars) My husband has an account with a bank here, of which I
am the next of kin.
With my health and because of my husband, I am looking for a person
who will not betray me. This person will apply to the bank and request
for an immediate release of the fund to his / her bank account. This
is what you will need for the rest of the world.
This is in fulfillment of the last request of my husband: that a
substantial part of the fund be used for the less privileged. If this
condition is acceptable to you; You should get back to me immediately.
I would like to know what you are doing for me. so that they will be
ready to contact you.
Kindly send your information as below.
1. Your Full Name / Full Address
2. Your Age / Sex
3. Your Marital Status
4. Your Occupation
5. Your Mobile Numbers
Kindly Reply me immediately on this email below:
( email@example.com )
You can also call me through my private doctors number so that you can
talk to you or more details: +229 9020 6927
Thank you and May God bless you.
Mrs Maria Grace Boyi.