fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Kevin Donald" <email@example.com>
Reply-To: "Mr.Kevin Donald" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 14 Oct 2019 20:44:22 +0100 (GMT+01:00)
Subject: Good Day My Dear
Good Day My Dear ,
Hope this mail find you in an excellent condition of health, I'm happy to inform you about my success in getting those funds transferred under the co-operation of a new partner from Paraguay. Presently I'm in Paraguay for investment projects with my own share of the total sum.
Meanwhile I didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in transferring those funds despite that it failed us somehow but I feel you deserve some respect and compensation, now contact my secretary his name is Mr.Javier Edgar and his email address is ( email@example.com ) you can still call him +22990567133 and ask him to send you the total $2.900,000.00 USD (Cashier Bank Draft) which I wrote and kept for your compensation for all your past efforts and attempt to assist me in this matter.
I appreciated your efforts at that time very much, so feel free and get in touch with my secretary Mr.Javier Edgar and instruct him where to send the Cashier Bank Draft to you because he must have been waiting to hear from you.
Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can share the joy after all the sufferings at that time, Iâm very busy here in Paraguay Because of the investment projects which me and the new partner are having at hand, finally, remember that I had forwarded instruction to my Secretary on your behalf to receive Cashier Bank Draft total $2.900,000.00.USD, so feel free to get in touch with him and he will send the Cashier Bank Draft to you without any delay.
With Best Regards,