fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "i will like you to " (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs.Carolyn" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 9 Jan 2021 10:07:15 +0100
Subject: Good day
I have been waiting for you since to come down here and pick your consignment but i did not heard anything from you since then, I have deposited the US$5,000,000.00 with the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY here in Nigeria, because I traveled to Japan to see my boss and I will not come back till next year ending.
I have arranged with the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY to get your US$5,000,000.00 to you this month and they will be coming to you with the fund inside black portfolio, I would have deposited the fund with Bank for transfer into your own account but the procedure of Bank is too much and they will required enough fee.
I drop your delivery details with the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY but I will like you to re-confirm the information to them again so that they will not be any mistake when coming with the fund. Send the below information to the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY.
1 Your Full name:
3 Private Phone Number:
6 Scan Copy of your Passport or Drivers License
Send the above detail information to the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY. EMAIL ,( email@example.com )
I want you to know that you have all right to declare how you want to receive your fund, I would have prefer the fund to be transfer to you but I make some searches about the Bank transfer and they told me that will cost you the sum of US$1500 to transfer the
US$5,000,000.00 into your account. But I have deposited the
US$5,000,000.00 in cash to the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY, below is the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY CONTACT PERSON
Contact Person: Mr.Morgan Kelly
Director Greenland Security Company
The only Money that the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY will require from you is $150 Dollars for demur-rage, if you can pay the $150 Dollars to them, they will proceed and get the US$5,000,000.00 to you in your Country.Please if you want to contact the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY, you are to contact them with your portfolio code number which is (PPL1111RSS) and your address where you want them to deliver the cash to.You are to pay the $150 to the GREENLAND SECURITY COMPANY to enable them to proceed and get the cash to you, don't fail to resend your information to them for your own good.