fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "MRS. NADIA ZAINAB" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 9 Jan 2021 07:25:42 -0800
Subject: PLEASE MY FAMILY IS IN DARE NEED OF YOUR HELP
Compliments of the day.
PLEASE MY FAMILY IS IN DARE NEED OF YOUR HELP
Please consider this request from a family in dare need of help. My name is MRS. NADIA ZAINAB, the wife of LATE ENGINEER ALI ZAINAB from LIBYA. My husband was the CEO and DIRECTOR of Zainab Landed Properties CC and Zainab Real Estates Managements LTD in EL SAHARA OIL FIELD REGION.
When the Government discovered that EL SAHARA OIL FIELD REGION is rich in Oil and other Mineral Resources, the Rebel Organization Movement (ROM) stepped into the lands by force to occupy those areas oil was discovered and most of those areas happens to be part of my late husband's landed properties.
Government and the Rebels started fighting over who will inherit the EL SAHARA OIL FIELD REGION because of the Oil discovered in the lands. It was unfortunate that my husband and some other land owners were killed in the process by the Rebels and some of their lands and properties were forcefully taken and some destroyed. My husband lost his buildings and landed properties in the process. Before this calamity occured, my husband had moved the sum of US$25. 5 MILLION ( TWENTY FIVE MILLION FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND UNITED STATES DOLLARS) to South Africa scheduled for the establishment of other branches of his companies.
The consignment was deposited in a private security company in the name of our ONLY son MR. RAMZI ZAINAB as the beneficiary. Upon my husband return from South Africa he was murdered in cold blood by the Rebel Movement. (May his soul rest in peace)
For safety reasons, I ordered my son to leave for Johannesburg, South Africa immediately. I am currently in the city of ZUWARA, LIBYA and would you be interested to assist my family in moving this money out of South Africa for our invstments in your country because of his status as asylum seeker (Refugee) the south africa government does not allow refugees to make any investments or operate any bank account.
Due to my ill-health and age, I would suggest you to please contact my son in South Africa on the below stated Telephone Number and Email Address for further details.
His details are:
MR. RAMZI ZAINAB
PHONE - +27 79 997 7070
EMAIL - email@example.com
Thanking you for your anticipated co-operation in advance.
MRS. NADIA ZAINAB (Widow)
For the Family.