fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- james b. hans. absa bank south africa. e-mail: email@example.com tel: +27-827-207-555. address: 120 aderson street (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. James Hans Of ABSA BANK." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "Mr. James Hans Of ABSA BANK." <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 14 Jan 2021 11:51:15 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: FUND TRANSFER NEXT OF KIN $35 MILLION.
Â FROM:MR. JAMES B. HANS.
ABSA BANK SOUTH AFRICA.
E-mail:Â Â firstname.lastname@example.org
ADDRESS: 120 ADERSON STREET 2001Â SANDTON, SOUTH Â AFRICA.
I amÂ Mr.Â James B. Hans, requesting for a reliable and trustedpartnership for a highly important and lucrative investment, I came across yourcontact as a reliable partner for this venture.Â I, Mr. James B. Hans,Â in-charge of Credit and ForeignBills of my Bank,Â AMALGAMATED BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (ABSA).
I am writing in respect of a foreigncustomer of my bank whose name isÂ Dr. Monika BartschÂ a citizenof Germanywho perished in a plane crashÂ [Concorde Air Flight AF4590]Â withthe whole passengers aboard on 31 July 2000. And for your perusal you can viewthis web site:Â http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/859479.stm
Since the demise of this our customer, Ipersonally has watched with keen interest to see the next of kin but all hasproved abortive as no one has come to claim her Â funds ofÂ US$35M (ThirtyÂ FiveMillion United States Dollars Only) which has been with my branch for avery long time. On this note, I decided to seek for your investment idea and toshare this opportunity with you as the Next of Kin as no one has come up to bethe next of kin. The banking ethics here does not allow such money to stay morethan 19 years, because the money will be recalled to the bank treasury asunclaimed fund after these periods of years.
In view of this, I got your contactthrough a trade journal and my colleagues and I have agreed to give you 40% ofthe total sum if you can handle this transaction in ultimate sincerity andsecrecy. Upon the receipt of your response, I will send e-mail to you on how weneed your assistance on Non-residential Dollar Bank account to execute thistransfer out of South Africa.I will not fail to bring to your notice that this business is 100% risk freeand that you should not entertain any fear as all modalities for fund transfercan be finalized within three (3) working days of your arrival here in SouthAfrica to accomplish the transfer with us if you can be able to come.Â
Treat this business with utmostconfidentiality and send me the following informationâs below:
(1) FULL NAMES:
(2) PRIVATE PHONE AND FAX NUMBER:
(3) CURRENT RESIDENTIAL OR OFFICEADDRESS:
I look forward to your earliestresponse.
Mr. James B. Hans.
E-mail:Â Â email@example.com