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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Morrison Kojo" <> (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 3 Nov 2004 10:23:05 +0000
Subject: marketing Consultants

From: Mr.Morrison Kojo

I am marketing Consultants of the Indigenous Miners operating mines in Ghana West Africa. The companies are on their efforts to meet up with the vision 2010 to scrutinize the indigenous miners to pave way for foreign investors.

In order to meet up with these modalities the committee in charge of these organizations has mapped out gold dust for immediate sales to purchase certain mining equipment to face the small-scale mining industry. This project has taken off and they are looking for buyers for the following hallmark:

PURITY: 92.83%
QUALITY: 22karrat

I would like you to come here or delegate your representative at least to make on the spot assessment of the quality of the product in question if your company would indicate interest.

Best regards,

Anti-fraud resources: