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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "stino afam" <>
Date: Thu, 04 Nov 2004 06:21:59 -0600
Subject: Urgent..

#18/20 John Howard Close, JO, BORG


Naturally, this letter will come to you as a surprise since we have not met.
Permit me however I am Mr.Stino Afam,I want to transfer to overseas
($18,000.000.00 USD) Eighteen Million United States Dollars) from a Prime
Bank here in South Africa, I want to ask you to quietly look for a reliable
and honest person who will be capable and fit to provide either an existing
bank account or to set up a new Bank a/c immediately to receive this money,
even an empty a/c can serve to receive this money, as long as you will
remain honest to me.During the course of our auditing I discovered a
floating fund in an account opened in our bank in 1990 and since 1993
nobody has operated on this account,after going through some old files and
records I discovered that the owner of the account died without an [heir]
hence the money is floating and if I do not remit this money out urgently it
will be forfeited for nothing.
The owner of this account is Mr. William U. Smith, a foreigner, and an
industrialist. He died since 1993 and no person knows about this account or
any thing concerning it, the account has no other beneficiary and my
investigation proved to me as well that Mr. William U. Smith until his death
was the manager of EagleEye [pty]. SA.

We will start the first transfer with Nine (9) million [$9,000.000] upon
successful transaction without any disappointment from your side, we shall
re-apply for the payment of the remaining amount to your account. I don't
know any foreigner, I am only contacting you as a foreigner because this
money can not be approved to a local person here. We will sign a binding
agreement, to bind us together in this transaction as soon as you indicate
your interest. So please reply urgently so that I will inform you the next
step to take.

The management is ready to approve this payment to any foreigner who has
correct information of this account, which I will give to you, upon your
positive response and once I am convinced that you are capable. With my
influence and the position in the bank, we can transfer this money to any
foreigner's reliable account which you can provide with assurance that this
money will be intact pending my physical arrival in your country for
sharing. I will destroy all documents of transaction immediately we receive
this money leaving no trace to any place.I will use my influence to obtain
all legal approvals for onward transfer of this money to your account with
appropriate clearance from the relevant ministries and foreign exchange

Please, reply urgently giving me the following information:

(a) Your expected Compensation in percentage of
capital/Income derived from Total Invested capital.

(b) Annual percentage tax on capital income in your

(c) Inflation rate in your country.

I look forward to your earliest reply as soon as possible to enable me to
know the next step to take for immediate action.And moreso i don't want an
involvement of any third party in this transaction for confidentiality
sake.And don't forget to forward your phone number to me so that i can call
you and detail you immediately.

Mr.Stino Afam.

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