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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Victor Onu" <>
Date: Tue, 14 Dec 2004 21:13:25 +0100

Please contact me strictly through my E-mail-

ATTN: Dear Sir,


I am Dr Victor Onu, Treasury director with Fidelity BankNigeria Plc, Lagos-Nigeria.
I got your contact from a close Associate of mine who works with the Nigerian
Chamber of Commerce and Industry upon my quest for a trusted and reliable
foreign business man/woman or company.
A German Mr. David Jain, 70 years of age and who was based in
Nigeria as a contractor had in our Bank the sum of US$30Million in a domiciliary
account. He named his wife, Mrs. Helga David as the next of kin. Unfortunately,
two of them were killed in the plane crash involving concord AF4590 in Gonesse,
France. Effort had been made by the management of my Bank through the German
Embassy in Lagos to contact any of the deceased children but to no avail,
as I was made to understand that the couple had no child owing to the skeletal
information available to the bank, it has so far been impossible to reach
any of the
relatives. The option left for the bank management is to declare the deceased
account dormant and revert the funds to trading on behalf of and in the
interest of the Bank.
In order to avoid this development, I now seek your permission to have you
stand as a distant relative to Mr. and Mrs. David Jain, so that the funds
would be released to you. All documents and proofs to enable you get the
funds will be carefully worked out on our receiving your consent to this
proposal, I would immediately obtain for an order of mandamus from the Federal
High court of Justice on your behalf recognizing you as a bona-fide relative
to the deceased and subsequently apply for the release of the funds to you
as the beneficiary, through the Central Bank Of Nigeria.

May I assure you that this Transaction is 100% risk-free, as we have taken
care of all necessary modalities to ensure a hitch-free transaction.
To this effect I will compensate you with 35% of the total sum of US$30Million
for your kind assistance i.e. provision of a nominated Foreign Bank Account
to accommodate the fund for us.
If this proposal is acceptable to you, please contact me strictly
through my E-mail-

Best regards,

Dr Victor Onu

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