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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "DR.MARK DAVID" <> (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2005 12:28:46 +0100


I want you to patiently read this confidential business offer which will be
of mutual benefit to both of us. I am Dr.Mark David, the Head of
Delegation to the WorldBank in West Africa. I am the linkman between
the Organization For Petroleum Exporting Countries - OPEC and the
petroleum sector in a West African country. I also attend OPEC meeting
s constantly in Geneva on the auspicies of World Bank.

Through the sale of our allocated oil quota in OPEC, I was able to make
US$25.5million, which is currently deposited in a Security company in
Europe. I want you to assist me to claim this money as I cannot claim it
directly because I am still a civil servant, and the code of conduct bureau
forbids me to acquire such amount of money. It is on this basis that I
am contacting you for assistance, If you will be interested, claim documents
have been processed and will be sent to you.The documents with
which the fund is deposited will be changed to reflect you as the new
beneficiary so that you will be eligible to collect thefund on my behalf.

I will give you 30% of the fund for this assistance while 60%will be for
me and 10% will be for expenses that may be incurred on both sides.
I am aware of the international monitoring of all large-scale financial
movements after the September 11th 2001 terrorist attack on United
States of America and to avoid any state of financial investigation I will
provide a classified clearance paper from the relevant body which will
exonerate the money from either drug, money laundered or terrorist r
elated proceeds.

Kindly respond to my proposal on the receipt of your mail indicating
interest. Iwant to assure you that there is no risk attached in this
transaction. You should also provide me with your private telephone
and fax numbers for easier communication.
NOTE:This business is top secret and confidential so please keep it to
yourself.Expecting your response.

Best regards,

Dr.Mark David

Anti-fraud resources: