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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Edward Ho Sing-Tin" <>
Date: Wed, 29 Jun 2005 20:17:28 +0000

Mr. Edward Ho Sing-tin
Suite 107, Estate Centre Building
19 Dai Cheong Street,
Tai Po Industrial Estate,
Hong Kong.

Dear Friend,

I am Edward Ho Sing-tin,Chairman,of the Hong Kong Industrial Estates
Through my search in the internet ,I got your email address and after due
verification with my colleagues,I decided to forward to you this business
proposal in anticipation that you may be in position to assist/handle this
business with me.

We want a reliable person, who could assist us in receiving funds resulted
from over invoiced bills from contracts awarded under the budget allocation
for Hong Kong Industrial Estates Corporation.These bills had been approved
for payment by the concernd ministry.The contracts had been
executed,commissioned and the contractors had been paid their actual
contractual sums.What we are about to receive now is a kick back from the
contractors and Under the protocol division as civil servants, we are
forbiden to operate or own foreign accounts,this is why am soliciting your
assistance in this manner.

On our part, all modalities had been worked out in ensuring a smooth
transaction .All I want from you is your

Full name:
Contact telphone no:
mailing address:
And any other details about yourself:

As soon as you indicate your interest, further instructions will be passed
on to you on the procedure that we will follow in accomplishing this deal.

On accomplishment of this deal you will be entitled to 10% of the total
sum.and this transaction is 100% risk free.If this proposal is accepted by
you, kindly reach me immediately via
e-mail: ,furnishing me with your contacts
telephone numbers.

Looking forward to hearing from you.

Best regards

Mr. Edward Ho Sing-tin.

Anti-fraud resources: