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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: donaldchikwe <>
Date: Wed, 27 Jul 2005 15:40:20 +0200
Subject: CAN I WORK WITH YOU ????



My Dear,

I am DONALD CHIKWE, Director of Project, Department of Petroleum Resources. I am making this contact with you based on the committee's need for an individual/company who is willing to co operate with us to receive
the floating Funds in my department.

This amount $25M represents the balance of the total contract value executed on behalf of Department of Petroleum Resources by a foreign
contracting firm, which we the officials over-invoiced deliberately, of
which the actual sum has been paid.

I highly assure you that no risk is involved because this information
is known only to you and my colleagues. As soon as I receive an acknowledgement of receipt and acceptance of our mutual business proposal,I
will furnish you with the necessary step to follow and the sharing ratio.

I await your immediate response.

Yours faithfully,


Anti-fraud resources: