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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Zakharenko Mike" <>
Date: Mon, 19 Sep 2005 14:53:06 -0800
Subject: YUKOS OIL1

Name:Mike Zakharenko

Dear friend

I am Mr. Mike Zakharenko a personal treasurer to Mikhail Khodorkovsky The
Richest man in Russia and owner of the following Companies: Chairman CEO:
YUKOS OIL (Russian Largest Oil Company) Chairman CEO:Menatep SBP Bank (A
well reputable financial institution with its Branches all Over the

I have a profiling amount in an excess of US$5.5Million, which I seek your
Partnership in accommodating for me. You will be rewarded with 4% of the
total sum for your partnership.
Can you be my partner on this?

As a personal consultant to him,authority was handed over to me in transfer
of money of an American oil merchant for his last oil deal with my boss
Mikhail Khodorkovsky.

Already the funds have left the shore of Russia to a European private Bank
where the final crediting is expected to be carried out. While I was on the
process, My Boss got arrested for his Involvement in politics by financing
the leading And opposing political parties (the Union of Right Forces, Led
by Boris Nemtsov, and Yabloko, a liberal/social democratic party Led by
Gregor Yavlinsky) which Poses a treat to President Vladimir Putin Second
Tenure as Russian president.

You can catch more of the story on this website:

All I need from you is to stand as the beneficiary of the Above quoted Sum
and I will re-profile the funds with your Name, which will enable The
European bank transfer the sum to you. I Have decided to use this Sum to
relocate to American Continent and never to be connected to any
Of Mikhail Khodorkovsky Conglomerates. The transaction has to be concluded
soon and
as I confirm Your readinesses to conclude the transaction with me, I Will
provide you with the details.Thank you very much.


Mike Zakharenko (Mr.)

Anti-fraud resources: