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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Liu David" <>
Date: Mon, 19 Sep 2005 23:05:46 +0000
Subject: Sincere Associate Needed

From: Mr. David Liu
Wing Hang Bank Ltd
Main Branch
161 Queen's Road Central
Hong Kong.

Good Day,
Let me start by introducing myself. I am Mr. David Liu credit officer
of the
Wing Hang Bank Ltd. I have a concealed business suggestion for you.

Before the U.S and Iraqi war our client General. Alli Moussa who was a
business man made a numbered fixed deposit for 18 calendar months, with
a value of Sixty four millions Five Hundred Thousand United State
Dollars($64.5 million USD) only in my branch. Upon maturity several
notice was sent to him, even during the war. Again after the war
notification was sent and still no response came from him. We later
find out
that the General and his family had been killed during the war in bomb
that hit their home.

After further investigation it was also discovered that General. Alli
did not declare any next of kin in his official papers including the
paper work of his bank deposit. And he also confided in me the last
time he
was at my office that no one except me knew of his deposit in my bank.
Sixty four million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars is still
in my bank and no one will ever come forward to claim it. What bothers
most is that according to the laws of my country at the expiration 3
funds will revert to the ownership of the Hong Kong Government if
applies to claim the funds. Against this backdrop, my suggestion to you
I will like you as a foreigner to stand as the next of kin to General.
Alli Moussa so that you will be able to receive his funds.

I want you to know that I have had everything planned out so that we
shall come out successful. I have contacted an attorney that will
necessary document that will back you up as the next of kin to Gen.
Alli Moussa, all that is required from you at this stage is for you to
provide me with your Full Names and Address so that the attorney can
commence his
job. After you have been made the next of kin, the attorney will also
in for claims on your behalf and secure the necessary approval and
letter of
probate in your favor for the move of the funds to an account that will
be provided by you.

There is no risk involved at all in the matter as we are going to adopt
a legalized method and the attorney will prepare all the necessary
documents. Please endeavor to observe utmost discretion in all matters
this issue.

Once the funds have been transferred to your nominated bank account we
shall share in the ratio of 70% for me, 25% for you and 5% for any
incurred during the course of this operation. Should you be interested
please send me your full names and current residential address.

Your earliest response to this letter will be appreciated.
You can write me via my private box thus:
( and i will provide you with more
details of this operation.Your earliest response to this letter will be

Kind Regards
Mr. David Liu.

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