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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Martin backhaus" <>
Date: Tue, 20 Sep 2005 13:41:55 +0000

 I know this letter will come as a surprise to you, but i would like you to give it a to consideration so as to help me and my family from our present predicament.
I am Anthony .J. Backhaus , the first son of Mr Martin Backhaus , a German Farmer based in Zimbabwe. My father  is now dead as a result of his incarceration by the Zimbabwean Government under President Robert Mugabe who ordered the white farmers in Zimbabwe to vacate their Farm Land and go back to their country.
But my father, due to his large investment in the Farm Land refused to quit Zimbabwe for his country. Based on this reason he was arrested and imprisoned and as a result of his protracted sickness [Diabetics] he died in Manfe prison on 19 sept 2003.  May his gentle soul rest in perfect peace.
After his death, all efforts by my mother who is a Zimbabwean to secure most of my father's investment was frustrated by the President Mugabes Government. Towards this end my mother discovered a trunk box containing the sum of $9,000,000.00 ( Nine million U.S. Dollars) which was owned by the White Farmers Association [W. F. A] which my late father was the founder/President with the help of my maternal uncle who was a Comissioner in Zimbabwe.
We are able to move the trunk box from Zimbabwe to Democratique Republique of Togo [R.OF.Togo] where the box containing the money is presently deposited in a security trust company, declared as Family Jewellries and Antiquities  as to avoid raising any eye brow from the authority here. All documented proofs in respect of this deposited consignment are in my pocession.
As it is, I am looking for a reliable partner who can help me safe-guide and invest this money very prudently as advised by my mother. 20% of this money will be given to you while 5% will be set aside for miscellanous expenses tha we may incure during the process.
Also note that this transaction is 100% risk free, you may also be required to come to Dubai if need be on indication of your intrest. Please confirm your interest on this transaction and contact me . I am presently in Dubai [U A E]. Hoping to hear from you soonest.
Thanks and God bless,

Anti-fraud resources: