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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Peter Chang" <> (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2005 21:19:08 +0800
Subject: Good Day.

From The Desk Of:
Dr.Peter Chang
Kuala Lumpur,

Attn: Sir/Madam,

First, I must solicit your confidence in this transaction, this is by virtue of its nature as being
utterly CONFIDENTIAL and TOP SECRET. Though I know that A transaction of this magnitude
will make anyone apprehensive, but be rest assured of the transparency and accountability of
this correspondence. We have decided to contact you via email due to the swiftness and
confidentiality of this transaction.

Let me start by first, introducing myself properly to you. I am Dr.Peter Chang, One of the
Operations Manager of a Bank here in Malaysia. I got your contact during my private
search for a reliable and reputable foreigner to handle a transaction, which involves a
transfer of a huge sum of money to a foreign account requiring maximum confidentiality.
Haven gone through your impressive managerial records, I am sure of your capability
and reliability to champion this transaction, hence this proposition to you.

MY PROPOSITION: A foreigner, late Engineer Johnson Creek, an Oil Merchant / contractor
with the Government of Malaysia, until his death three years ago to an air crash, banked with
us, and had a closing balance, totaled at USD$8.5 M (Eight Million, Five Hundred Thousand
United States Dollars). Currently my bank now unquestionably awaits the claims of this fund,
by any of his available foreign next of kin or will revert the ownership of the fund to Malaysian
government if nobody applies for this claims at the expiration of five years. Fervent valuable
efforts have been made by my Bank to get in touch with any of the deceased family or
relatives but all efforts have proved abortive.

Based on this, my colleagues and I in the bank now seek for your permission to have you
stand as late Eng. Johnson Creek?s next of kin to enable the fund USD$8.5M subsequently
transferred and paid into your bank account as the beneficiary next of kin.

In order to enhance the swift success of this fund remittance, modalities have been set
in place to secure all Legal documents and proofs that will make you eligible for this claims.
Also note that this transaction is 100% risk free as this fund was legitimately earned through
Oil exploration.

Upon the successful transfer and confirmation of this fund in your bank account, 25%
of the total amount will be yours, 10% will be set aside for expenses, while the remaining
would be for me, in which I shall use in compensating my colleagues. I intend to use my
share for investment purposes, upon my arrival in your country for disbursement.

If you are capable of executing this transaction and do not wish to take undue advantage
of the trust we hope to bestow on you, kindly reach me via my email address, furnishing
me with your most confidential telephone and fax numbers to enable me forward to you the
relevant details of this transaction.

Thanks for your anticipated co-operation.

Dr. Peter Chang.

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