fighting spam and scams on the Internet
Try our spam filter!
Free trial for 30 days

About Us

"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Richard duke" <>
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2005 21:47:20 +0000
Subject: Barr. Richard


It is with heartfelt hope that I write to seek your co-operation and
assistance in the context stated below. I am Barr. Richard Duke, a lawyer. I
am the personal attorney to Dr. Keith Lathan, An American; who was a
contractor, and a businessman.

On the 30th day of October 1999, my client, his wife and their three
children were involved in a car accident in which all occupants of the
vehicle died.

My client {Keith} deposited as family belongings in the sum of Thirty
million British Pounds only (£30,000.000.00) with the hope of transferring
it to his country as soon as his contract expires. Since his death I have
made several enquiries to his embassy to locate any of my clients extended
relatives, but this attempt so far has been unsuccessful.

After these several unsuccessful attempts I decided to look for a foreigner
who is willing to help claim this fund, hence I contacted you. The intention
right now is for you to stand as the Next of Kin of my deceased client. This
becomes imperative as the bank just gave me ten official working days to
provide one, or the money will be declared dormant in accordance with the
bank's policy.
All legal documents to aid your claim this fund and to prove your
relationship with the deceased will be arranged. Your help will be
appreciated with 30% of the total sum.

All I require is your honest co-operation. I guarantee that this will be
executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any
breach of the law. Please accept my apologies, keep my confidence and
disregard this email if you do not appreciate this proposition I have
offered you.
Further more, Kindly furnish me with your following details:

However, if you wish to help me actualize this, do get back to me so I will
let you know what is required of you.

Best regards,
Barr. Richard Duke.

Anti-fraud resources: