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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 25 Nov 2005 19:19:40 +0000
Subject: urgent

Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation,

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am the Treasury Controller, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
and a close associate of the immediate past Minister of Petroleum
The Minister has mandated me to transfer the sum of US$88millions
Recovered from over-invoiced contracts involving the Nigerian National
Corporation [NNPC] into several private accounts in Europe and United
States. A total sum of US$68,000,000.00 has been transferred before the
Emergence of this present Civilian Administration, leaving the balance of
US$20,000,000.00.I have made proper arrangement/documentation to transfer
the balance which is retained in a coded account of the NNPC with the
Central Bank of Nigeria. We are soliciting that you help us to receive the
fund in trust.

We Cant complete this transaction smoothly without the participation of a
foreign partner who would provide an account where the funds could be
lodged. Since it is a contract payment, the funds must be remitted to a
foreign account. The remittance of the funds requires little
documentation. There is no risk involved on your part in this transaction
since the Former Minister and I have covered this transaction with
contract and
external credit documents from the beginning.

What we require from you by e-mail are via:
{i} Acceptance letter of this offer
{ii} Your company name/Address and confidential
Telephone and fax numbers
{iii} Convincing Honesty, Trustworthiness and Willingness to abide by the
requirements of this proposal paramount of which is CONFIDENTIALITY. We
agreed that you will retain 30% of the entire US$20,000,00 0.00 for your
effort in this transaction, 60% for us partners here in Nigeria and the
remaining 10% will be used for defrayal of incidental cost in the course
this transfer.

Please reply urgently by e-mail as we expect that the transaction will not
take more than ten working days. And please note that this transaction
be top secret.

Best regards,

Dr Mark Johnson
(Treasury Controller NNPC)

private email address:
Treasury Controller

Anti-fraud resources: