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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Roland Desmond" <> (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 16 Dec 2005 21:04:46 +0000

My name is ROLAND DESMOND the elder son of Mr. David
DESMOND of Zimbabwe. This might be a surprise to you
about where I got your contact address. I got your
address from the senegal Chamber of Commerce,

During the current war against the farmers in Zimbabwe
from the supports of our President Robert Mugabe to
claim all the white-owned farms to his party members
and his followers, he ordered all white farmers to
surrender all their farms to his party members and his
My father is one of the best farmers in our country
and because he did not support Mugabe's ideas,
Mugabe's supporters invaded my father's farm and burnt
everything in t! he farm, killing my father and made
away with a lot of items in my father' s farm.
Before his death, my father had deposited with one of
the Security Company in dakar senegal sum of US$12.5
Million Dollars(Twelve million fivehundred Thousand
united state Dollars). After thedeath of my father,
we decided to move to the Republic of senegal dakar where
he had deposited the money inthe Security Company as

So I decided to contact overseas firm and companies
that will assist me to move this money out of senegal
because as asylum seekers we are not allowed to
operate any bank account within senegal. I have
agreed to offer you 30% of the total sum for your

Anti-fraud resources: